The “internet of things” (IoT) is revolutionizing how people live and work. Each day, the IoT grows as companies look for even more ways to connect devices with the goal of collecting and reporting data. As a result, the IoT has touched every industry, including the food industry.
But what exactly is the IoT?
Put simply, the IoT refers to the connection of everyday non-internet enabled devices to the internet. For example, kitchen gadgets and appliances are all examples of devices that can be connected through the IoT. And food companies have greatly benefited from this technology as it has allowed them to, among other things, improve food safety, reduce waste, and keep better track of food production and storage.
For example, at a farm, sensors are being used to help optimize crop production by monitoring the weather conditions, the moisture level of soil, the crop maturity, and even the presence of insects or fungus. These sensors can then be used to help optimize irrigation and determine when and where fertilization is needed. Irrigation or fertilization systems can then be turned on and off automatically, as necessary, based on the sensor data. IoT can also help with food safety to monitor shipping time and food temperature to ensure the supply chain remains temperature-controlled.