The Internet of Things (IoT) is growing. In urban centres of emerging countries – megacities such as Rio de Janeiro, Beijing or New Delhi – thousands of sensors are already monitoring air quality, traffic and water systems.
This report is a first attempt by the GIZ to understand and describe how the Internet of Things will impact developing and emerging countries – and how stakeholders in international cooperation should react. Starting with case studies from Ghana, Kenya and Brazil, we will examine how IoT technology might be applied in the three key sectors healthcare, agriculture and disaster management (page 10). This will lead us on to an analysis of the key mechanisms through which IoT can create positive impact in developing and emerging countries (page 19). Based on these impact mechanisms we will finally propose measures by which international cooperation organisations can support the development of IoT to maximise this impact.