Urban spaces are the man made microcosms where a number of entities interact with each other to offer citizens a variety of services, for instance, buildings and infrastructure, transportation, utility, public safety, healthcare, education. The interplay between this multitude of connecting entities creates a complex system with dynamic human, material, and digital flows. By 2050 the world's urban population is expected to grow by 72%. This steep growth creates an unprecedented urge for understanding cities to enable planning for the future societal, economical and environmental well being of their citizens.
The increasing deployments of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies and the rise of so-called ‚Sensored Cities‚ are opening up new avenues of research opportunities towards that future. Although, there have been a number of deployment of diverse IoT systems in the urban space, our understanding of these systems and their implications has just scratched the surface.